Shoreline and intertidal areas

Habitat characterized by different shoreline substrates, depending on human habitation and disturbance, the presence of species will vary.

Animals present:

  • Rocky shores: Inhabited by gulls, terns, eider, Black guillemot, ducks, seals,
  • Cliffs: Kittiwakes, shyer species like auks, gannets and fulmars only in uninhabited areas.
  • Boulder shores: Inhabited by gulls, eider, Black guillemot, ducks. Oil may linger in the environment behind the outer layers of boulders and may contaminate animals.
  • Gravel shores: Used by otters, gulls, ducks and waders. Flatter than rocky shores and cliffs. Oil may be buried under layers of gravel, and may stay fresh/unweathered and be available for animals for years after the spill.
  • Sandy beaches: Waders
  • Mud flats and dry fall areas: important foraging areas for gulls, wading birds and several other species on low tide.


Combat strategies:

Different for each shoreline type.

(in progress)